The French context is marked by an extreme pressure on the overall budget. Every sector and every ministry is compelled to submit actions plans to cut costs. ODA decreased for four years in a row before remaining stable last year, at barely 0.4% of GNI. The 0.7% commitment is reaffirmed on a frequent basis, and a road map to 2022 has been set, but it remains hypothetical.
The next general election will take place in 2017. The outcome, which remains very uncertain, might mean more cuts to ODA, and potentially less focus on social issues within development policy.
Policies & funding
The first Development law, adopted in June 2014, was a big step forward in terms of democratic control of French ODA. It specifically mentions sexual and reproductive health and contraception.
In October 2016, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs published a Population/SRHR Strategic Paper (2016-2020); the first ever reference document on the issue. The French Development Agency (AFD) adopted its strategic paper on Health in 2015.
Health still represents an important part of French ODA. But after being spared for several years, health has encountered its first budget cuts in 2015 and bigger commitments remain in jeopardy, both on a multilateral and a bilateral level. West Africa is the principal focus of French health bilateral ODA.
For the last three or four years, France has had a strong voice in international events such as Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) and the Commission on Population and Development (CPD), within European Union processes, and has pushed forward SRHR and family planning issues in the post-2015 framework.
Updated October 2016
Funding Increase for Human Development in the EU 2018 budget December 04, 2017
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